Posts Tagged 'digital culture'

Twitter and hashtags.

Nowadays, we are in the century of information. People have more information than ever. While citizens get information, there is an important process that has to be done, which is called communication. The World Wide Web has change the way we communicate. Websites like Twitter or Facebook are becoming more and more important and they are helping in that sense of improving how human beings communicate. Around 500 million people use Facebook and 200 million people use Twitter. On the following lines, it will be explained the website Twitter and specifically, one of  important tools which is hashtags.

Twitter helps people from all over the world to communicate. It has many advantages, for example, you can use it wherever you are and at any time. Users in this site communicate by tweets which are the texts that one person send to the others. This texts or tweets can only have 140 characters. Twitter has been evolving since it was launched in 2006. One of its most important improvements has been hashtags. Hashtags are used by users among other things to create groups that discuss about the same topic. Moreover, this tool gives more metadata and context to the tweets.

Using hashtags is very simple. You only have to type the # symbol followed by the tag you are going to talk about in your  tweet.  This  will  redirect your tweet to the site where all the members of  Twitter are commenting  on that issue.Many times the hashtag you will type would have already been created by another member before. That is why it is recommended to investigate before the most important hashtags of the website.

Hashtag symbol

 Hashtags can be used to many things. For instance, Chris Messina, who is an important designer and advocate for the open web, was the first man that said that people could use tweets to co-ordinate actions when a natural disaster happened. This was done, for example, in Haiti’s disaster or San Diego’s one.  Other uses of hashtags are  to know which are the trending topics of the time (#Wikileaks) ,to express the intent of the post (#ironic) or keep track of an ongoing conversation. 

Nonprofiteers are specially rewarded with this system because they can discuss about different themes with everybody. Moreover, Users do not need to be signed in Twitter to follow the most trending topics. They can go to and follow there all the comments on the issue they are interested in. Finally, it has to be said that hashtags have to be used carefully and with good intentions, if not they become useless. Do not use them like spam and it is recommended to use the #CamelCase where the initials of the words are capitalized to the better understanding of the tags. Do not hesitate to follow the #rdf1011 hashtag where themes covering internet, information and digital resources are commented.



Style Sheets: XSL and CSS

While you are writing an essay in the computer or doing a web page, there are many things that you have to consider. Not only the content of the text but also things such as the format,  style,  colourtype… All that kind of things that make your essays or web pages have a better quality. There are some mechanisms that help you to improve your works, they are called Style Sheets. So, in a few words, Style Sheets describes you how is going to be shown your document in the screen or paper. In the past, we only took into account the content but, nowadays, we are saying that the content of the text and how it is shown are equally important.

Normally, we have in a  page the text and in another different page the things relationated to the style thanks to this our work becomes easier. Style sheets help many people. On the one hand, it helps to those people who create web pages. However, on the other hand, it also helps to those users who work with programs such as Microsoft Word or Openoffice. Style sheets are an essential part for markup languages. They are relationated with documents that use HTML, XML or XHTML. The most importan style sheets are CSS that means Cascada Styling Sheets and XSL abbreviation for Entensible Stylesheet Language.

One kind of Style Sheet

XSL has become very popular because it offers many operations.Moreover, it is formed by three different languages: XSLT (that allows you to change a document from XML to HTML), XSL-FO ( here you can specify the visual formatting of an XML document) and XPath. But, you may be asking how style sheets work. They have two parts . The first part consists in saying to the mechanism which part of the text is going to be edited and finally, on the second part , you apply to the properties the values wanted.

Finally, just encourage you to continue exploring in this world because will help you to save time and your works will improve quite a lot.


Syndication formats

You may have heared a lot about syndication formats. But do you know exactly what is a syndication format? or why people use it? Probably not. In the past, when we wanted to get information from our favourite site or blog, we would have to go to that specific site and see if it had new changes. However, nowadays, this is not going to happen any more thanks to names like RSS or Atom. Syndication formats say users if there have been changes in the sites in which they have subscribed.

They are very helpful and give us the opportunity to save a lot of time. Many people say that there is a clear relation between the creation of syndication formats and the fact that there were more and more blogs in the internet. There are a lot,  but the most important is called RSS that means Really Simple Syndication. Then, we also have RDF that means Resouce Description Framework and was created by Ramathan V. Guha.  We also have to talk about Atom that is said to be better than RSS. Many people say it has better applications and that one day everybody will use Atom instead of RSS. One of the persons that more defends  this statement is Benjamin Trott who has created many things such as TypePad.

These tool has not been always like we know it right now. It has suffered many changes to provide users a good service. For example,if we return to the past, there was a clear precedent of this kind of thechnology which was the technology “push and pull” . Now, it has changed a lot thaks to  readers like Google Reader, My Yahoo!,  newsgator, bloglines too. We can see the latest changes in all our favourites sites from this reader. The times when we had to surf from one site to another site have finished. Now is the other way round information go to us.


Finally, I would like to say that we can increase the quality of our blogs by putting RSS feeds from other sites related to our blog. If we do that, there will be more information about the same thing connected. RSS is very useful and not only can we communicate better now but also get more information faster. There is a link of a video in the references which I highly recommend because explain very well everything about syndication formats.


Who is Kevin Kelly?

When it refers about cultural change, Kevin Kelly is your man. He was born in Pennsylvania in the year 1952 and has worked as a writer, photographer and conservationist. Nowadays, he lives in California, has married and has three children. Despite only going one year to university and then gave it up, his articles have appeared in such important newspapers as the New york times, Esquire, The Economist.. 

Kevin Kelly in his house of San Francisco.

Kevin Kelly has done lots of things during his life: founded Walking Journal, director of the Point foundation, editor of Whole Earth Review…However, in my opinion, the striking anecdote is that his book(Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World)was read before the start of filming The Matrix by the principal actors of  the film.

But why am I talking about Kevin Kelly apart from being an excellent expert in digital culture?. The reason is that he has done a speech predicting the following 5,000 days of the Internet, and describes very well what is going to happen. Mainly, he explains that all the electronical  devises  will change into one machine. Not only does he explain that but also that there will be an increasingly contribution of users and that it will appear the semantic web. Finally, he says that the web will be better and it will be a renewed one.

Kevin Kelly during his speech predicting the next  5,000 days of the Internet.


Answer to the first debate: Kevin kelly’s description of the web.

Kevin Kelly, author that we have been studying in class and editor of Wired magazine, has recently talked about the first five thousand days of the Web in an informal meeting at the EG 2007 Conference, where he, also, shared with all of us through a revealing video his main thoughts about how he thinks the future of the Web will be. Summing up, we could say that Kelly announces three main changes in the evolution of the Web:

  • An increasing contribution of users
  • The ‘semantic’ Web
  • The AI of the Machine

Let’s analyze these improvements carefully. In first place, according to Kelly, users are going to make the Web more capable somehow. We will be able to provide the Web up-to-date information, data, photos…We will take a more active part in ‘building’ the Web. The Wikipedia, weblogs, or wikis, for instance, are good examples of this movement. We are gradually widenning the senses and abilities of the Machine.

In second place, Kevin Kelly talks about what he calls the ‘semantic’ Web. In his opinion, we are going to stop linking pages and we are going to begin linking ideas and concepts. These hyperlinked ideas and the optimization of search engines that Web 2.0 bring us will be extremelly beneficial, allowing us to surf a network of connected thoughts.

In third place, Kelly reflects on the AI of the Machine and its possibilities. He believes that in the future the Web will be smarter, more intelligent…, that the Web will offer a wider range of services, that the Web will know us, and, consequently, that it will be much more personalized.

Kevin Kelly, digital culture expert, reaches to the conclusion that the next five thousand days of the Web are not going to be just a better Web, but a whole renewed, reinvented and different Web.


Kevin Kelly. ¿Cómo serán los próximos 5.000 días de la Web? (2008, August 21) In Microsiervos. Retrieved 20:01, November 13, 2008, from

Web 2.0. (2008, November 13). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:02, November 13, 2008, from

What is Web 2.0. (2005, September 30). In O’reilly. Retrieved 20:04, November 13, 2008, from

Web 1.0. (2008, November 9). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:16, November 13, 2008, from

Group members: Javier Basterrechea, Saioa Batiz, Adrián Cadenas, Andrea Díaz and Iraia Eizmendi


April 2018
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