Answer to the second debate.

Orality is a verbal expression used when writing and printing were unknown at all. Studies of oral tradition and orality are pretty much connected. However, orality also touches some other aspects such as political and economial. According to Walter J. Ong, there are two types of orality:

  • Primary orality: This refers to those cultures that didn’t have any knowledge of writing.
  • Secondary orality: It refers to a much more advanced culture, which used to have kowledge of writing. Moreover, it became the medium of memory.

We might find interesting the researches made by Walter J. Ong. Gathered at W. J. Ong [1982] Orality and literacy: Technologizing of the word as well as some words at E. A. Havelock [1986] The muse learns to write.

About writing we can say that it is the representation of a language through some different signs drawn on something, normally engraved. The first writing evidences go back to 4000 b.c but it has been in a non stop developing through the years. Nowadays, it is known that it has been in two different ways along:

  • expressed by ideas.
  • represented by sounds.

In spite of that, nowadays hypermedias, which is a more extended word for hypertext, are becoming more common. It consist of adding videos, graphics, audio… for what we used to write, so that they give the chance of interancting with users.

This way, hypermedia enable us, for instance, to build multisensory texts; words can now be explained by hyperlinked videos in what we could consider an example of secondary orality. Besides, new phenomena like electronic literature, written literary texts thought to be read on the screen, have recently appeared, widening the possibilities of human information transmission. And this is just the beginning.

Group Members: Javier Basterrechea, Yera Espinosa, Saioa Batiz, Adrián Cadenas, Andrea Díaz, Iraia Eizmendi (Group B)

Advertisements

0 Responses to “Answer to the second debate.”



  1. Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s




Calendar

January 2009
F S S M T W T
« Nov   Feb »
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031  

Categories

About

RSS CiteULike

RSS Rss Planet Littera

  • Critical Essay: Focus on form VS. Focus on meaning 11 February 2014
    Focus on form refers to instruction that focuses learners’ attention to linguistic structure within a meaningful context. In what ways do Swain (1985) and Van Patten (1990) provide empirical support for focus on form as opposed to an exclusive focus ...
    albagutierrez
  • Chinese New Year customs 6 February 2014
    Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival is the main Chinese festival of the year. Reporters as Lauren Mack and Rose Mathews have written about Chinese traditional New Year celebration. In China it is customary to offer foods … Continu...
    Ainhoa Dárceles Romaratezabala
  • DIDIER SORNETTE: “CRISES ARE PREDICTABLE” 6 February 2014
    “Crises are predictable” said the economist Didier Sornette at TEDGlobal 2013. According to the risk economist we have been living by the illusions produced by the high economic growth that had […]
    Marina Fernández
  • Inundaciones del 83; el renacer del “Bocho” 5 February 2014
    Las inundaciones que sufrió Vizcaya, pero especialmente Bilbao, en agosto de 1983 marcaron un antes y un después en la historia “del bocho”. Las causas de esta terrible catástrofe se centran en la llamada “gota fría” que supone una precipitación abundante y ráfagas de viento huracanas que en ocasiones pueden ir acompañadas de tormentas eléctricas […] […]
    Tamara López Martín
  • Types of tourists 5 February 2014
    As we all know, tourist is the person who travels away from her home and spends more than 24 hours and less than a year in a certain place. People can travel for business and professional reasons, for leisure and holiday … Continue reading →
    Paula Gutierrez

%d bloggers like this: